Things No One Told You About Organ Donation





August 13 is observed as World Organ Donation Day every year. The purpose of the celebration is loud and clear - topromote organ donation for those who are in need of them. In India alone, lakhs of people die each year because of their organ failure. Such people could live to see a new day if only people with healthy organs could go ahead and donate their organs. There are many organs which can be donated after death. Donated organs can be life-changing for thousands of people in need, all across the world. World Organ Donation Day 2018 promotes the need for organ donation around the country and the need to spread awareness of the same. The main objective lies in removing the taboo around organ donation.


Things no one told you about organ donation

Organ donation is a process where an organ is transferred from the body of the one who is giving the organ (donor) to the one who needs the organ (recipient). The donor can be living or deceased. Organs that can be donated are kidney, lungs, heart, eye, liver, pancreas, cornea, small intestine, skin tissues, bone tissues, heart valves, and veins. There are two types of organ donation - live donation and cadaver or deceased donation.





Live donation is executed using a living healthy person. Organs that can be donated by a living person are kidneys and liver. This is because a donor can survive on one kidney, and the liver eventually grows back to its normal size. Cadaver donation, on the other hand, is executed using a person who is declared dead in terms of ultimate loss of respiration and consciousness. The idea behind World Organ Donation Day is to spread awareness about cadaver donation.

What is the relation between brain death and donation?

Brain death is declared by doctors when there is an irreversible loss of consciousness and the absence of our brain stem reflexes. But, even after someone is declared brain dead, the organs can still be kept alive through artificial technology. Hence, if someone dies at home or any other place other than the hospital, then his/her organs cannot be donated. Vital organs can be donated only if death occurs in the hospital. In cases where the person has a cardiac death, organs that can be donated would include corneas, bones, ligaments, veins, heart valves, blood and platelets, and blood stem cells.
What are the organs that can be donated?

1. Kidney

Kidneys are the most commonly donated organs and are also the ones in most demand. A transplanted kidney has a functioning lifespan of nine years. Since people can survive even on one kidney, such an organ donation will not pose any serious threat to the life of the donor.

2. Heart

Even though heart transplants are becoming frequent day by day, a heart can survive only for four hours outside the body of the donor.

3. Liver

It is interesting to note that a fully functioning liver can be divided into two parts and one part can be donated to one who is in need. The other part in the donor's part will eventually resume the size of a normal liver. Liver transplants are important because the liver is a bank for storing vitamins and are an important organ for removing waste from the blood.

4. Intestine

Intestine donation is rare but can be well executed. Live donation can be employed and a living person can donate a portion of his intestine.

5. Lungs

Living donors can donate a single lung while deceased donors can donate both the lungs. Damage in the lungs can lead to serious problems in breathing and may also cause death. So, for those who have damaged lungs, it is advisable to seek lung donation and for those who have a healthy pair of lungs, a request for donation can be extended.

6. Pancreas

A living person can donate a portion of pancreas since pancreases are organs that can redeem their functionality with time.

7. Bones and veins

Yes, even bones and veins can be donated! Cancerous bones in recipients can be interchanged with donated healthy bones. Veins that are donated can be used in cardiac bypass surgery.

Who are exempted from being a donor?

People who are strictly restricted from donating an organ are those with cancer, HIV or with bacteria in the bloodstream that can cause diseases. Apart from such people, anyone healthy can go ahead and donate.

Source - NDTV 

The Wacky World Of DNA



Can you roll your tongue? Damn, I just can't! How about your earlobes? Are they attached or unattached? Remember that man who came to drop off your pizza the other night? His fingers were so hairy! You looked down to see if you have the same problem...come on now, don't deny it! Oh and those dimples on that girl at the mall! Uffff!! Killer! Why does my girlfriend not have them?

We've all noticed these differences, and we all know why these differences exist amongst us. Yes, It's genetics.





 We all share about 99.9% DNA with each other. Whaaaaat? It's true. That 0.1% difference in our genetic make up is what makes Hrithik Roshan look spectacularly handsome in his new photoshoot, while the person in my dressing table mirror can never seem to look better than a Rhesus monkey, no matter how hard he tries! It's this 0.1% difference that led to our HR manager losing so much weight over the last 2 weeks, while I'm pretty sure I gained a few kilos just by THINKING about cheesecake...ooh cheesecake...


Alright then...Let's start with some basics:
  • The human genome contains about 30,000 genes made up of 3.2 billion nucleotide bases.
  • If you take out your entire DNA, it would kill you yes, but laid end to end, it would stretch from the earth to the moon 6000 times!
  • You could fit 25,000 strands of DNA side by side in the width of a single adult hair.
  • Your genes only make up about 2% of the DNA, while 8% of your DNA comes from ancient retroviruses.
  • You share about 99.9% DNA with every other human on the planet including Hugh Jackman. Feeling good about ourselves our we? You share the same amount with Lalu Pra...let's not go there. Also, you share 98% DNA with chimpanzees, 92% with mice, and about 50% with Bananas! Yes Bananas.
  • Red Blood Cells are the only cells in our body that do not possess DNA.
  • If you wanted to type out the entire genetic code (I'd judge you slightly) - Assuming you can type up to 200 letters a minute, and don't take a single break; It would take you about 29 years to finish. So I'd suggest taking a pee break BEFORE you sit down to do this. Just saying.
  • Not a fan of typing? Then try reciting the ATGCs in your DNA. Start tomorrow morning, non-stop, and at the rate of about 100 per minute, and you'll be done by the year 2074.
  • Your paramour can SMELL your DNA. (I don't know if this fascinates me or creeps me out.)
And now it gets REAL interesting!

Let's say you have an identical twin. Did you know..you would share 100% DNA with him! Now say you both got married to two identical twin sisters, and had children.

Your children would be cousins...but also GENETIC SIBLINGS sharing IDENTICAL DNA!

Some women have a mutation which makes them Tetrachromatic. This means that their eyes contain four different kinds of cone cells. This means that compared to you or me, who can just see about one million colours, these women can see and distinguish between almost TEN million colours! No wonder they keep getting angry when we men compliment their 'pink' shirt - "It's not pink! It's salmon with a slight tinge of fuschia!"

Did you know? Near the end of the last ice age, almost all the cheetahs were wiped out. The handful that survived went on to breed among themselves, and saved the extinction of their species. Thus, every single cheetah out there today, is partially a clone of the rest of them!

Ever heard about the Fugates? They were a family in Kentucky in the 1970s. The family suffered from a rare genetic condition called "methemoglobinemia". Thanks to this rare condition and the rampant inbreeding in the family, they all had BLUE-COLOURED SKIN!

People will have you believe that with the advent of modern medicine and the advances in healthcare, one could theoretically live forever. Well....as it turns out, your genes disagree. Theoretically, our genes are coded such that the ability of our cells to divide in order to survive is limited to about 120 years. The longest documented lifespan is that of Jeanne Calment of France, who defied her genes and lived for 122 years, 164 days -(1875-1997).

Do you know "Mitochondrial Eve"? Really? She may well be you great great great great great great great grrrr.....eaaatttt grandmother. It is believed that all humans contain genetic material passed on from a single female line extending back to her. Oh..she was alive some 200,000 years ago, so chances are you didn't get to meet her.

The American agricultural biotechnology giant Monsanto has created the "Suicide seed". These seeds make use of genetic restriction technology and render themselves sterile after the first generation of crop is grown.

Hate Broccoli? Can't stand the taste of Cabbage? Just the thought of cruciferous vegetables makes you throw up in your mouth? Well, tell your parents it may not be your fault! Plants belonging to the Brassica family contain a compound which is strikingly similar, chemically, to Phenylthiocarbamide (PTC). PTC can taste rather insipid or very bitter, Theoretically, our genes are coded such that the ability of cells to divide in order to survive is limited at about 120 years. The longest documented lifespan is that of Jeanne Calment of depending upon your genetic make up! So now you know..when your mom makes that OH YUMMY face while chomping on broccoli..she's faking it!

Real life superhero story anyone? In 1994, a John Doe, was involved in a devastating car crash. Fearing the worst he was rushed to the emergency room. Imagine the shock on the face of the doctors, when they realised he had not fractured a single bone! Not even a hairline fracture on his spine! This man suffered from a rare genetic mutation that causes your bones to become very very dense. His bone density was more than 8 times that of a normal human! Oh..poor guy couldn't swim though. Sank like a stone every time!

Kodinhi is a small village in Kerala that has geneticists baffled! This village has witnessed the birth of twins at an alarmingly large rate! Over 250 sets of twins, and 3 sets of triplets within just 2,000 families! Inbreeding could have explained this phenomenon to some extent, but it has been seen that even when the women from this village are married to genetically unrelated mean from villages across the nation, they still have a propensity to have multiple births!

There's 7 billion of us on this planet now. And we all boast of genetic variations among one another. But did you know, that there's a group of 55 chimpanzees in West Africa who have twice the genetic variability of all 7 billion humans combined?! Essentially the chimps in that small group in Ivory Coast are genetically more different from one another, than you are from any person anywhere in this world!!

Pumped some iron at the gym today? Feeling the pump? Feeling good about yourself after putting in all those hours building some muscles? Tch tch, if only you were "Uberboy" - a John Doe born in Germany in 1999. This kid was born RIPPED! Yes he would have put Wolverine to shame. Four years into his life, and the toddler Uberboy was lifting more than six times as much weight as other toddlers his age. Before you ask me..no he wasn't the son of the Hulk, nor was he experimented upon - he had a genetic mutation in his myostatin genes, which are responsible for regulating muscle growth in the body.

There's a rare genetic condition called Macrodactyly, or 'Local Gigantism', which causes a certain part of the body to grow to a larger than normal size. In 2007, a man from China called Lui Hua was hospitalized with this condition. At the time of admission his left thumb measured over 10 inches (25.4 cm) and his index finger almost reached 12 inches (30.5 cm)!

This is weird yet could be aesthetically pleasing (?). Affecting about 3% of the world population, erythema migrans or the "wandering tongue rash" is a rather common genetic mutation. This condition is harmless, causing depapillation of the tongue in certain areas, rendering them smooth and red. These depapillated regions are dynamic, giving the tongue a rather map-like appearance. No wonder it's commonly referred to as the "Geographic Tongue syndrome"

Holy Leaping Frogs!! 2006 saw the birth of a neck-less baby with gigantic eyeballs bulging out of his head, giving him a rather frog like appearance. His sisters on the other hand were absolutely normal. This baby suffered from a rare genetic condition, leading to a medical condition called anencephaly, which is characterised by the absence of major portions of the skull, scalp and brain.

In the Harry Potter universe, the Weasleys were the mutant family! What?? Mutant wizarding folk?! Well yeah! They all had red hair and freckles - two of the most common conditions of genetic mutation. Yes, red hair and freckles are genetic mutations.

In the words of the young Charles Xavier (Yeah, Professor X), from the movie X-Men: First Class, heterochromia is a "very groovy mutation". It is indeed! What's that you ask? Well, Heterochromia iridum refers to a genetic mutation that causes eyes to have multiple colours in them. The range of this mutation ranges from a slight different colour towards the centre of the eye (Central heterochromia), to a segmented colour variation in the iris (Sectoral heterochromia) to completely different colour in the left eye from the right! (Complete heterochromia)

Source - NDTV

HEALTH ADVISORY EVENT IN INDORE ON CAUSES, CURE FO...



Dr. Mohit Bhandari, a renowned bariatric surgeon, informed about the causes and treatment of obesity in this workshop. He also provided information about cutting-edge technology to prevent obesity. The workshop was organised at the Civil Lines, in front of the Hotel Kalachuri Residency, Circuit House. Dr Mohit Bhandari is a renowned surgeon and so far he has treated as many as 10,000 people with bariatric surgery and helped them out with getting rid of the obesity. More than 100 people participated in this workshop. During this workshop, Dr. Mohit Bhandari’s team members also addressed a seminar.





 While addressing the workshop, Dr Bhandari told participants about obesity prevention measures, diet, exercise and other measures of getting rid of obesity. He said that obesity is a very rapidly growing problem, due to which a large part of the population is surrounded by excessive body weight and diseases caused by it. There is a great reason for many problems such as obesity diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, high blood pressure, sleep apnea, joint pain. These are proven deadly in many cases. Dr. Mohit Bhandari has given about 10,000 people freedom from obesity in his Bariatric and Robotics clinic is located in Indore. He established Central India's first robotic center. He has made the latest record of doing robotic surgery in the Asia continent. Dr. Bhandari has the highest experience of success in severe cases of bariatric surgery, which includes Asia's fattest woman (350 kg) and Asia's fattest male (386 kg).

Source - HP

Right approach can help autistic individuals mainstream: Experts

According to the first rigorous estimate of the country's autism prevalence, roughly 23 of every 10,000 children in India have autism.

When exposed to the right developmental approaches and intervention procedures, individuals diagnosed with autism can join their counterparts in the mainstream. 

Ahead of 'World Autism Awareness Day' observed on April 2, Deepa Malini, certified developmental therapist told the media here on Sunday that, "autistic individuals are different in their developmental milestones. Our focus should be on recognising and building these milestones first, before hitting on academics."

Single High Fat Meal Could Up Risk Of Heart Disease: 5 Heart Friendly Foods You Must Have

According to a latest study published in the Journal Laboratory Investigation, only one high fat meal could pave way for heart diseases.

If you think you are allowed to binge to your heart's content once a day, you may have to think again. According to a latest study published in the Journal Laboratory Investigation, only one high fat meal could pave way for heart diseases. 

According to the study, healthy young men had to struggle to relax blood vessels, after having milkshake made with whole milk, whipping cream and ice cream.

Hair fall control tips in Hindi – बाल झड़ने से रोकने के घरेलू नुस्खे


जिनके बाल काफी मात्रा में झड़ते हैं वे इससे काफी परेशान रहते हैं। जब भी वे बाल बनाते हैं, उनके सिर से काफी बाल झड़ते हैं। काफी ज़्यादा बाल झड़ने की स्थिति में यह समस्या काफी विकराल हो जाती है। मर्दों में बाल ज़्यादा झड़ने से गंजेपन की स्थिति उत्पन्न हो जाती है। आज यह समस्या किसी निर्धारित आयु वर्ग तक सीमित नहीं रह गयी है।

15 से लेकर 40 वर्ष की आयु के मनुष्य इस समस्या से प्रभावित होते हैं। जैसे ही आप नहाकर बाहर निकलते हैं, आपके बाल बिलकुल गीले होते हैं। जैसे ही आप बाल पोंछने के लिए तौलिये का इस्तेमाल करते हैं, वैसे ही उसमें बहुत सारे बाल आ जाते हैं।

बाल झड़ने से रोकने के उपाय (Baal jhadne gharelu upay / Hair fall control home tips in Hindi)

1. अपने बालों के साथ नरमी से पेश आएं। गीले बालों में कंघी करने से परहेज करें।

2. बाल झड़ना कैसे रोके, रोज़ाना अपने सिर की अच्छे से मालिश करें। इससे आपके बालों को पोषण मिलेगा और सिर में रक्त संचार बढ़ेगा। ऐसा करने से स्वस्थ बाल भी उगेंगे।

3. बाल झड़ना कैसे रोके, बालों को पीछे खींचकर कंघी करने की विधि का उपयोग करने से परहेज करें। इससे बालों की जड़ में दबाव पड़ता है और वे टूट जाती हैं।

4. आजकल लोग सुन्दर दिखने के लिए बालों की नयी नयी स्टाइल का प्रयोग करते हैं। पर जैसे ही आप घर वापस आएं, बालों की देखभाल करें और उन्हें अच्छे से साफ़ करके उनपर तेल लगाएं। बालों को ज़्यादा गर्मी देने से परहेज करें।

5. अगर बाहर मौसम काफी ठंडा भी हो, फिर भी अपने बालों को गर्म पानी से ना धोएं। यह बालों के झड़ने का एक और कारण है। पानी की गर्मी से बाल कमज़ोर हो जाते हैं। इससे वो आसानी से टूटते और झड़ते हैं।

बाल झड़ने के घरेलू उपाय – देसी इलाज (Baal jhadne ke upchar)

चाइल्ड केयर- बच्चों की खांसी के घरेलू उपाय

जाड़े के मौसम अथवा बदलते मौसम के कारण अक्सर बच्चों को खांसी की शिकायत हो जाती है. सर्दी-जुकाम, ठंडा वातावरण भी खासी के प्रमुख कारणों में से एक है. धूल भरे वातावरण में रहना, गंदी जगह और भीड़वाले इलाके, औद्योगिक क्षेत्र, धुओं की तरह अन्य प्रदूषणों के कारण भी खांसी के जन्मदाता हैं. खांसी से बचने के लिए उपरोक्त कारणों से बचने की भरसक कोशिश करनी चाहिए. ठंडी के दिनों में गर्म कपड़ों का प्रयोग करना चाहिए. बच्चे और बूढ़े सर्दी से अधिक प्रभावित होते हैं. अतः इनका विशेष ध्यान रखना चाहिए. खांसी होने पर निम्न घरेलू उपाय करें.

Yoga, Ayurveda: Key to wholesome wellness

61 percent of the deaths in India in the age group of 30 to 70 are due to non-communicable diseases such as heart disorders, diabetes, and cancer, according to a WHO report published in September 2017.

Most of these are preventable deaths since they are associated with lifestyle choices made by individuals from early on in their lives. The stresses of the modern lives start pestering the lives of young Indians at every stage of life from getting education, to getting a job, buying a house or travelling through traffic.

Most of the young lives in India are spent in cutting through the rush and competition. In this rush, health and wellbeing of the individual often get neglected, leading to sickness and loss of productivity of the individual which in turn leads to loss of productivity of the economy.

DNA SPECIAL: Spike in Zika cases likely in coming years

An outbreak of Zika fever, which causes microcephaly — a rare birth defect marked by unusually small head size, eye abnormalities and nerve damage — is likely in coming years because of a build-up of favorable environment for the virus, researchers at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) and Jamia Millia Islamia have cautioned.

The virus will follow a cyclic pattern identical to dengue and chikungunya, which surge every 3-4 years, although the exact cycle in terms of the number of years is still unknown.

American adults are getting fatter!

It seems that American adults continue to pile up more weight as they continue to follow unhealthy eating habits.

According to a new data, nearly 40 percent of American adults were obese in 2015 and 2016, a sharp increase from a decade earlier, federal health officials said.

"The prevalence of severe obesity in American adults is also rising, heightening their risks of developing heart disease, diabetes and various cancers," the officials added.

According to the latest data, published in JAMA, at least 7.7 percent of American adults were severely obese in the same period.

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